Journal

What’s Your Type 2 Diabetes Risk Level? Cardiogram Will Tell You

April 9, 2022

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Among adults with Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM), cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death.1 In fact, over 75% of adults with diabetes die from heart disease, compared to 33% in the general population. While these are alarming statistics, we’re here to share the good news: T2DM is treatable, and complications can be avoided! The key is catching it early and taking appropriate action to address it.

Cardiogram's Contribution to Diabetes Prevention

In short, T2DM is an impairment in how the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as fuel. When this impairment results in too much sugar circulating in the blood stream, it can result in diabetes and eventually cause problems with the circulatory, nervous, and immune systems. If it goes unnoticed or unattended.

Knowing all of this, the Cardiogram Crew has been working hard behind the screens to utilize our powerful and scientifically-validated algorithm, DeepHeart, to assess members’ risk for diabetes.

And now, here we are, proudly announcing the launch of our latest feature: Diabetes Risk Levels!

This feature is available for all Cardiogram Premium members in the ‘Report’ section of your app, along with your other risk level assessments. To offer an accurate assessment, DeepHeart runs your data against other members who have self-reported a T2DM diagnosis, and provides you with your personal risk level in comparison.

Early Detection for Empowered Prevention

It goes without saying that the earlier high-risk of any disease is detected, the quicker healthy habits can be adopted to help turn the tables. And the best way to prevent and reverse high risk of diabetes is to follow a nutritious eating plan, lose weight, and — of highest importanceto get physically active.2

That’s because for those with T2DM, physical activity improves acute and chronic insulin action. It does this by increasing the amount of blood glucose that muscles can take in through muscular contractions.3 And this uptake of blood glucose into the muscle continues on for hours, or even longer, even after you’ve finished your workout.4 (Talk about motivation!)

Ideal Movement for Insulin Action

Incorporating any extra movement into your day will improve insulin action and improved glucose tolerance more than no added movement. Of course, if you want consistent benefits in these areas, you have to practice consistent healthy habits. With physical activity at the forefront. For best results, it’s recommended that you engage in aerobic exercise at least three days per week, with no more than two days between exercise sessions. That’s because exercise-induced improvements in insulin action don’t last forever, but they can continue to impact blood glucose levels for up to 24 hours.5

For instance, if you walk three days a week, consider adding strength training two days a week. Or, if you strength train two or three days a week, consider adding walking, stationary bicycling, or the elliptical trainer three days a week. Please note that you should always consult with a doctor before increasing the intensity of your physical activity.

5 Easy Ways to Increase Activity for Risk Reduction

While there are limitless ways you can move your body, finding movement you enjoy is the best way to ensure you’ll stick to any workout plan. However, even with movement you enjoy, getting the ball rolling and finding the motivation to start is often the hardest part. Here are five simple ways you can shift out of that lull, and begin incorporating more movement today:

Make Use of Your Daily Routines

The simplest method is to look at your current daily routines and see where you could easily add more movement to them. For instance, you can begin parking farther from stores and restaurants to add a longer walk. Commit to taking a lap around your house every time you get up to use the restroom or grab a bite to eat. Or set a timer to get up a stretch every 30 minutes. These little things will add up and begin to get your blood pumping, and cue in your brain that you’re ready for more movement.

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Take a Walk

Walking for 10 minutes a day is another excellent place to start. Of course, the more briskly you walk, the more your heart and overall health will benefit. Make sure to take it as easy as you need when getting started, and to slowly warm up the intensity. Inviting a friend or neighbor to join you can also add to the enjoyment and create more accountability for continuing this habit.

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Join a Gym

Joining a gym can be a great way to get motivated (even simply because you know you’re investing in it). Plus, they offer a wide variety of options for different ways to get active. You can explore several movement methods and find what you most enjoy. Plus, if you have physical limitations, or if walking is not an option, gyms offer plenty of great choices, such as stationary bicycles, elliptical trainers, and water aerobics.

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Find a Supervised Exercise Program

If you enjoy added accountability, finding a supervised exercise program with qualified exercise trainers can be extremely helpful when getting back into the swing of things. Studies have shown that those with T2DM who join supervised exercise programs tend to stick to the exercise programs longer and show the greatest improvements in blood glucose control.3

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Enroll in Habits on the Cardiogram App

The ‘Habits’ section of your Cardiogram app is filled with plenty of great daily activities that you can choose to commit to. From a daily walk, bike ride, strength training session, or any of our other popular habits. Check into the app daily to manage your habits and keep track of your streaks.

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    References

    1 Benjamin et al., 2019; Harding, Pavkov, Magliano, Shaw, & Gregg, 2019

    2 American Diabetes Association. (2019) Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2019. Diabetes Care, 42(Supp.1), S1–S193.

    3 Colberg, S.R., Sigal, R.J., Yardley, J.E., Riddell, M.C., Dunstan, D.W., Dempsey, P.C…. Tate, D.F. (2016). Physical activity/exercise and diabetes: A position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care. 39(11):2065-2079. doi:10.2337/dc16-1728. 

    4 King, D. S., Baldus, P. J., Sharp, R. L., Kesl, L. D., Feltmeyer, T. L., & Riddle, M. S. (1995). Time course for exercise-induced alterations in insulin action and glucose tolerance in middle-aged people. Journal of Applied Physiology, 78(1), 17-22. doi:10.1152/jappl.1995.78.1.17 

    5 Newsom, S. A., Everett, A. C., Hinko, A., & Horowitz, J. F. (2013). A single session of low-intensity exercise is sufficient to enhance insulin sensitivity into the next day in obese adults. Diabetes Care, 36(9), 2516-2522. doi:10.2337/dc12-2606